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Three-year Study of Effective Factors in Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Hospitalized Burn Patients in Ahvaz Taleghani Hospital

Author(s): Ghalambor AA | Zarei J | Pipelzadeh MH

Journal: Scientific Medical Journal
ISSN 1026-8960

Volume: 9;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 535;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Curling ulcer | Gastrointestinal bleeding | Burn

Background and Objective: Gastrointestinal bleeding can arise following various stressing conditions such as burns. Gastrointestinal bleeding has serious effect on the treatment process of burn patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding and to identify factors contributing to its occurrence in burn patientsSubjects and Methods: In this descriptive and retrospective research study, the population of the study included all patients admitted in the Ahvaz Taleghani burn center from the year 2008 to 2010 and 3901 medical records were reviewed. Data were collected by a checklist and analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistical methods. Results: From a total of 3901 patients admitted during the three years period of study, 45 patients had gastrointestinal bleeding (1.15%). The average of burned surface area in these patients was 61%. Seventy seven percent of gastrointestinal bleeding had occurred in patients with burn over 50 percent, and there was direct correlation between the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding and the extent of burn. The age group of 15-30 years comprised 40.1% of our cases. The mortality among patients suffered from gastrointestinal bleeding was 71%. A significant relationship was found between burn in face and incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding (P
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