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The Token Economy: A Recent Review and Evaluation

Author(s): Chris Doll | T. F. McLaughlin | Anjali Barretto

Journal: International Journal of Basics and Applied Science
ISSN 2301-4458

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 131;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Digital Search | Future Research | Literature Review | Research | Token Programs

This article presents a recent and inclusive review of a use of token economies in various environments (schools, home, etc). Digital and manual searches were carried using the following databases: Google Scholar, Psych Info (EBSCO), and The Web of Knowledge. The search terms included: token economy, token systems, token reinforcement, behavior modification, classroom management, operant conditioning, animal behavior, token literature reviews, and token economy concerns. The criteria for inclusion were studies that implemented token economies in settings where academics were assessed. Token economies have been extensively implemented and evaluated in the past. Recently, fewer articles in the peer-reviewed literature were found being published recently. While token economy reviews have occurred historically (Kazdin, 1972, 1977, 1982), there has been no recent overview of the research. However, in the several years, token economies in relation to certain disorders have been analyzed and reviewed However, a recent review of token economies as a field of study has not carried out The purpose of this literature review was to produce a recent review and evaluation on the research of token economies across settings.

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