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Transform of Lightning Electromagnetic Pulses Based on Laplace Wavelet

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Author(s): Qin Li | Changhua Zhang | Kaicheng Li | Xiaojing Chen

Journal: TELKOMNIKA : Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering
ISSN 2302-4046

Volume: 11;
Issue: 9;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: LEMP | Wavelet transform | PB pulse | Leader | Return stroke

ABSTRACT
In this study, the fine structures of lightning electromagnetic pulse associated with 19 preliminary breakdown pulses, 37 stepped leaders, 8 dart leaders, 73 first and 52 subsequent return strokes were analyzed by using Laplace wavelet. The main characteristics of field waveforms such as, the correlation coefficient, the time of arrival and the dominant frequency of the initial peak field, the energy and the frequency of the power spectrum peak are presented. The instantaneous initial peak field pulse can be precisely located by the value of the correlation coefficient. The dominant frequencies of the initial peak field of PB pulses and leaders range from 100 kHz to 1 MHz, and that of the first and subsequent return strokes below 100 and 50 kHz, respectively. The statistical results show that the Laplace wavelet is an effective tool and can be used to determine time and frequency of the lightning events with greater accuracy.  

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