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Two New Eisenia Species from South Korea Similar to E. koreana and Comparable to Eisenoides from USA (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae)

Author(s): Robert J. Blakemore | Tae Seo Park

Journal: Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
ISSN 2234-6953

Volume: 28;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 297;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Asian biodiversity | soil fauna | endemic invertebrates vs. invasive species

New Korean lumbricids are described: Eisenia gaga Blakemore sp. nov. from remote Gageodo Island and E. sindo Blakemore, sp. nov. from an island at Incheon. Both are comparable to Eisenia koreana (Zicsi, 1972) from near Pyongyang, North Korea. A remarkable yet previously unrecognized similarity to American earthworm Eisenoides carolinensis (Michaelsen, 1910) is discussed, but synonymy is rejected on tenuous morphological grounds (form of nephridial vesicle bladders) with taxonomy supported by objective molecular data (mtDNA cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 barcodes).

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