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Uniting the Divided Continent. The Estonian National Committee of the European Movement

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Author(s): Pauli Heikkilä

Journal: Nordeuropaforum
ISSN 0940-5585

Volume: 20;
Issue: 1-2;
Start page: 135;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Foreign & Security Policy | Baltic States | Estonia | Europe | Identities | Cold War | Nations & Nationalism | Baltic Sea Region | Russia | Sweden

ABSTRACT
The article examines the exiled Estonian politicians in the European Movement in the early Cold War period. The ultimate goal of exiled Estonians was to restore their state’s independence. In order to promote this, Estonian leaders sought connections with Western leaders. The European Movement was the only organisation involving actors from both the East and the West, and this corresponded to the Estonian discourse on Europe as a whole. Therefore, the European Movement was appreciated, although its limited opportunities for decisive actions were also recognised. East and West European interest in the European Movement declined as West European integration rapidly intensified through the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and particularly after the January 1952 Eastern European Conference in London. By 1957, disappointment in the inability of European unification to help regain Estonian independence became evident.

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