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Urokinase-type Plasminogen Activator (uPA) is Inhibited with QLT0267 a Small Molecule Targeting Integrin-linked Kinase (ILK)

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Author(s): Nancy Dos Santos | Golareh Habibi | Michelle Wang | Jennifer H. Law | Heather N. Andrews | Daniel Wei | Timothy Triche | Shoukat Dedhar | Sandra E. Dunn

Journal: Translational Oncogenomics
ISSN 1177-2727

Volume: 2;
Start page: 67;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: urokinase-type plasminogen activator | integrin-linked kinase | breast cancer | rhabdomyosarcoma | recurrence

ABSTRACT
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) is associated with cancer recurrence where the most evidence comes from studies in breast cancer. According to the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, uPA is considered one of the most prominent biomarkers for cancer recurrence and therefore new agents are needed to inhibit it. Whether uPA is also expressed in pediatric cancers is yet unknown. If it is then uPA inhibitors might also help children with recurrent cancers. In this study, we addressed whether the integrin-linked kinase inhibitor (ILK), QLT0267, could suppress uPA. We previously showed that uPA expression is maximally inhibited when both the Akt and MAP kinase pathways were blocked which we anticipated can be achieved via QLT0267. In MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, QLT0267 blocked signaling through Akt and MAP kinase with a correlative decrease in uPA protein and mRNA, which corresponded to an inhibition of c-Jun phosphorylation. Consistent with these findings, cellular invasion was inhibited with either QLT0267 or with small interfering RNA against ILK. We then questioned whether uPA was commonly expressed in childhood sarcomas and if QLT0267 might be effective in this setting. We determined for the first time that uPA was highly expressed in rhabdomyosarcomas (RMS), but not Ewings sarcomas by screening cell lines (n = 31) and patient samples (n = 200) using Affymetrix microarrays. In alveolar RMS (ARMS) cell lines, QLT0267 blocked cell signaling, uPA production, invasion and ultimately survival. We concluded that QLT0267 blocks the production of uPA providing a new target for the management of recurrent cancers.
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