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Usefulness of antibody index assessment in cerebrospinal fluid from patients negative for total-IgG oligoclonal bands

Author(s): Jarius Sven | Eichhorn Peter | Wildemann Brigitte | Wick Manfred

Journal: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
ISSN 2045-8118

Volume: 9;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 14;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Intrathecal IgG synthesis | Antibody index | Cerebrospinal fluid | Oligoclonal bands | Herpes simplex virus | Cytomegalovirus | Varicella zoster virus | Measles virus | Rubella virus | Borrelia burgdorferi | Multiple sclerosis | MRZ reaction

Abstract Background Testing for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-restricted oligoclonal bands (OCB) by isoelectric focusing is used to detect intrathecally produced total IgG. By contrast, antibody indices (AI) are assessed to test for intrathecally produced antigen-specific IgG. A number of previous cases reports have suggested that AI testing might be more sensitive than OCB testing in detecting intrathecal IgG synthesis. Findings Here we report on 21 patients with positive AI for either herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster virus, cytomegalovirus, measles virus, rubella virus, or Borrelia burgdorferi in the absence of total-IgG OCB and, accordingly, in the presence of a normal total-IgG CSF/serum ratio. Conclusion Our findings indicate that AI testing should not generally be omitted in OCB-negative patients and provide a rationale for systematic and prospective studies on the comparative sensitivity and specificity of AI and total-IgG OCB testing in infectious and other diseases of the CNS.
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