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Vitamin D in the light of current knowledge

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Author(s): Ayse Tellioglu | Sibel Basaran

Journal: Arsiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi
ISSN 1300-3755

Volume: 22;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 259;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: 1 | 25(OH)2D | Vitamin D | Vitamin D receptor

ABSTRACT
Vitamin D is an essential factor not only for homeostasis of calcium and phosphorus, but also regulates hundreds of genes involved in cell differentiation and cell proliferation through nuclear vitamin D receptor of its active form, 1,25-dihydroksyvitamin D3. Besides its beneficial effects on bone health, vitamin D contributes to the prevention of various malignancies, autoimmune and allergic diseases, cardiovascular and infectious diseases as a result of their anti-inflammatory and immune modulatory properties and effects on cytokine levels. Low vitamin D levels are associated with so many diseases such as malignancies, autoimmune disease, diabetes, hypertension and infectious disease. Current knowledge about vitamin D and the effects of vitamin D on musculoskeletal system and the other systems are discussed in this review. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2013; 22(2.000): 259-271]
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