Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

War and Nature in Classical Athens and Today: Demoting and Restoring the Underground Goddesses

Author(s): Judy Schavrien

Journal: International Journal of Transpersonal Studies
ISSN 1321-0122

Volume: 29;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 153;
Date: 2010;
VIEW PDF   PDF DOWNLOAD PDF   Download PDF Original page

Keywords: Erinyes | Furies | Eumenides | mythological defamation | feminist | archetype | Athens | Minoan | Eleusinian | Clymenestra | Aeschylus | Sophocles | Oedipus | masculine | gender | ecology

A gendered analysis of social and religious values in 5th century BCE illuminates the Athenian decline from democracy to bully empire, through pursuit of a faux virility. Using a feminist hermeneutics of suspicion, the study contrasts two playwrights bookending the empire:Aeschylus, who elevated the sky pantheon Olympians and demoted both actual Athenian women and the Furies—deities linked to maternal ties and nature, and Sophocles, who granted Oedipus, his maternal incest purified, an apotheosis in the Furies’ grove. The latter work,presented at the Athenian tragic festival some 50 years after the first, advocated restoration of respect for female flesh and deity. This redemptive narrative placed the life of Athens—democracy and empire—in the wider context of Nature. Present-day parallels are drawn.

HR software für Hotellerie

Automatische Erstellung
von Personaldokumente
und Anmeldungen bei Behörden

RPA Switzerland

Robotic Process Automation Switzerland