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Water remediation based on oil adsorption using polar and non polar nanoparticles; Tratamiento de agua basado en la adsorción de crudo en nanopartículas polares y no polares

Author(s): Maricelly Martinez Aguilar | Farid Bernardo Cortés | Camilo Andres Franco Ariza

Journal: Informador Técnico
ISSN 0122-056X

Volume: 77;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 59;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: adsorption | emulsions | nanoparticles | vacuum residue | sorption kinetic.

An important oil production impact is the increase of environmental pollution due to discharge of water formation. This paper presents a study of oil adsorption onto hydrophobic silica, i.e., silica nanoparticles impregnated with Colombian vacuum residue (VR) at 2 and 4 wt% and onto zeolite and impregnated zeolite nanoparticles (2 and 4wt% of VR) to reduce the amount of O/W emulsion. The Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models were used to fit the experimental information of the adsorption isotherms. Initial crude oil concentration ranges from 200 to 2000 mg/l. Oil concentration, after adsorption, was determined by using an UV-vis spectrophotometer. The highest oil removal was obtained with impregnated silica nanoparticles, yielding values of 200 mg/g, with 100% oil removal, 9 mg/g more than the value obtained by modified zeolite of 191 mg/g at the same initial concentration. Pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models were used to fit the experimental data of the adsorption kinetics, with better results for the pseudo-second order model.

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