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Weight loss and ethnicity: A cohort study of the effects induced by a very low calorie diet

Author(s): C. Rolland | C. Hallam | S. Lula | J. Wiggins | Lee Dyson | L. F. Van Gaal | I. Broom

Journal: Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences
ISSN 1314-7528

Volume: 1;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 97;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Weight loss | ethnicity | obesity | waist circumferences

Background: We aimed to determine whether British Asians of Indian orPakistani descent differed in their baseline characteristics and in response to a 12week very low calorie diet (VLCD). We then assessed if changes in weight andwaist circumference in response to a VLCD differs between Asians andCaucasians.Methods: Weight loss was achieved using a nutritionally complete (energydeficient), very-low-calorie diet (VLCD) with an average daily intake of 550kcal(50g protein,50g carbohydrate, mean 17g fats and ≥100% recommended dailyallowances (RDA) for key vitamins and minerals), alongside a unique behaviourchange programme (LighterLife –LL). Data from Asians recruited onto LL totalin 2009/2010 for whom 12 week weight change information were available wereanalysed. Waist circumference data were available for a subset of Asians. Thesewere age, body mass index, and gender matched to a Caucasian population andcompared by independent t-test.Results: No differences were observed between the Indian and Pakistani group forbaseline measurements or weight change at 12 weeks. Caucasians had a greaterpercent excess body weight loss (%EBWL) than Asians at 12 weeks (72.4 ± 22.1 vs 48.9 ± 18.0, p
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