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Why do People With and Without Power Succeed or Fail?

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Author(s): ROCÍO MARTÍNEZ-GUTIÉRREZ | ROSA RODRÍGUEZ-BAILÓN | MIGUEL MOYA

Journal: Universitas Psychologica
ISSN 1657-9267

Volume: 9;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 57;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Attribution | Social Psychology | Occupational Prestige | Power | Social Sciences

ABSTRACT
The main goal of this research is to analyze the impact of power in the causal attribution. More especifically, we analyze the attributions made by the observer abput people's success and failure who differ in the power that they have in their workplace. Results show that both the success and failure obtained by people with high power are explained by controlable, internal attributions, specifically, referring to the effort made by the powerfulperson. However, the explanation of the outcomes achieved by peoplewith low power show a different pattern. While the success is attributed to his or her low skill. The results were analyzed in relation to previous findings and their involvementin maintaining the status quo.
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Tango Rapperswil
Tango Rapperswil