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Women, Families and Social Welfare in Spain from the 18th Century to the Present

Author(s): Juan Gracia Cárcamo

Journal: Hygiea Internationalis : an Interdisciplinary Journal for the History of Public Health
ISSN 1404-4013

Volume: 9;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 129;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Social Welfare | Gender | Family | Education | Health Care

This is a contribution to the debate on the development of Social Welfare in Southern Europe. Emphasis is placed on factors such as educational formation of women for their task of responsibility for welfare and care within the families; this made possible improvements in Public Health. We note the relevance of women in the charitable activities of the public sphere grew paradoxically through reactionary movements. Emphasis is placed on the importance of women in Social Welfare during the Catholic Revival as receivers of charity (in Christian trade unions, in catholic mutual aid societies…), as intermediaries for poor families (facing priests, nuns and charitable ladies), as assistants (teachers in religious schools and nurses in hospitals) and as leaders (Catholic ladies). There was an increase during the Francoist dictatorship in the participation of women in the reception, intermediation and offer of charity (in groups closer to fascism and in Catholic organisations).
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