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Wound healing and antiinflammatory properties of Allophylus abyssinicus (Hochst.) Radlk

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Author(s): Adem Yesuf, Kaleab Asres1*

Journal: Phytopharmacology
ISSN 2046-1194

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 442;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Allophylus abyssinicus | hydroalcoholic extract | solvent fractions | wound healing | antiinflammatory

ABSTRACT
The leaves of Allophylus abyssinicus (Hochst.) Radlk. (Sapindaceae) are used for the treatment of wounds, burns, skin diseases and to arrest bleeding in the Ethiopian folk medicine. In this study, the hydroalcoholic extract and the different solvent fractions obtained from the leaves of A. abyssinicus were evaluated for their wound healing and antiinflammatory activities. Wound healing activity was studied using excision, incision and dead space wound models whilst carrageenan-induced mouse paw oedema model was used to evaluate antiinflammatory activity. The methanolic fraction levigated in simple ointment at concentrations of 5% and 10% was found to be the most active in the excision wound model. Also, the same fraction exhibited good healing effect in incision and dead space models in a dose dependant manner. At a dose of 200 mg/kg, all the test substances except the chloroform fraction exerted significant antiinflammatory effects when compared to the control, the methanolic fraction being the most active. The present study supports the folkloric use of the plant for the treatment of wounds and inflammatory conditions.

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