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Zuclopenthixol decanoate in pregnancy: Successful outcomes in two consecutive off springs of the same mother

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Author(s): Janjić Vladimir | Milovanović Dragan R. | Ružić-Zecević Dejana | Lončar Dragan | Laban Olivera | Stepanović Marija | Varjačić Mirjana | Obradović Slobodan | Đukić-Dejanović Slavica | Janković Slobodan

Journal: Vojnosanitetski Pregled
ISSN 0042-8450

Volume: 70;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 526;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: psychotic disorders | pregnancy | risk factors | psychotropic drugs | treatment outcome

ABSTRACT
Introduction. Almost all individual antipsychotics are classified into the intermediate pregnancy risk category as no or limited data exist about human pregnancy outcomes. We presented the case of zuclopenthixol decanoate using in two successive pregnancies of the same woman, which had not been published in the available peer-reviewed literature. Case report. A middle-age female subject who suffered from schizophrenia received zuclopenthixol decanoate injection during her two consecutive pregnancies. About four and a half months before diagnosis of the first pregnancy (~3.5 years after psychosis emergence), zuclopenthixol decanoate (400 mg every other week, im injection) was introduced to the treatment protocol (due to previous non-compliance with haloperidol and risperidone). A significant clinical improvement was achieved and the dose during pregnancy was reduced to 200 mg once monthly and maintained to date. In both pregnancies the women gave birth to healthy girls who have been developing normally until now, at their ages of 6 months and of 3.5 years. During pregnancy and after giving birth to children the mothers’ psychiatric status and her social functioning were significantly improved and are still stable. Close monitoring of the mother’s health, a multidisciplinary approach to both her treatment and the monitoring of pregnancies as well as the complete compliance with the prescribed drug protocol were likely to be crucial for the therapeutic success. Conclusion. A favorable outcome of the present case suggests that the zuclopenthixol decanoate is a rational therapeutic option for pregnant women suffering from psychosis when the expected benefit exceed the potential risk, but a definitive evidence for its safety requires large, controlled studies. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175014]
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